Refractive eye surgery is a very broad expression and covers several types of surgery with regard to correcting eye problems. Many people don’t realise that there is life after glasses, and in just a few shorts weeks you could have eyes that provide perfect sight. There are many reasons why a person might need to wear eyeglasses, but the majority of the problems can be corrected with some form of refractive surgery. If you would like an overview of refractive eye surgery then you have come to the right place. Read on to find out all about the different treatments available for correcting eye problems.
To start with there is certainly laser eye surgery available. A whole range of circumstances can be treated with this type of surgery. Lasik or “Laser in situ Keratomileusis” breaks down further still however. Superior surface ablation is one form of lasik surgery that is done without having to make an incision in the cornea. This really is only done in a rare number of cases. One more form of lasik surgery is blended vision. During this procedure one eye may be treated for shortsightedness while the other is treated for longsightedness. When a laser is used to make an incision on the cornea, this is referred to as Intralasik surgery and Wavefront is a tailor made form of the procedure that involves creating a 3D map of the patient’s attention before carrying out a custom made laser eye surgery strategy.
Another common type of refractive eyes surgery is Lasek surgery. This really is used for similar problems as those helped by lasik surgery, but generally when the problems are less serious. For example if the cornea only requirements slightly flattening or slighting curving to correct near and farsightedness difficulties. It is also suitable for people who have thin corneas. Lasek is short for “laser assisted epithelial keratomileusis”. Rather than making a flap with an incision the great surface of the cornea is instead loosened and folded back. A good excimer laser is then used to reshape the cornea and therefore proper the refractive error in the vision.
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There is slightly longer recovery periods with lasek surgery than laser eye surgery although not usually more than a week or even two.
Finally there is refractive vision surgery known as a Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE). This has helped thousands of individuals across the UK and beyond get their sight restored by removing their own hardened eye lens and replacing it with an artificial one. The new lens can be customised too, if you were previously long sighted, this will be corrected or if you were short sighted, the lens would be produced so this was no longer a problem. There are many types of lens available and your eye doctor will be able to tell you the most appropriate type for your needs. This is excellent surgery for anybody suffering from cataracts in particular. As we age group the lens of the eye gets quite hard. When it also turns into a little cloudy, this is known as cataracts. By replacing the lens of the eye this problem can be removed completely and a person’s eye sight is restored. The cataracts can’t come back possibly with an artificial lens in place.
Along with refractive problems and cataracts, additional conditions that can be cured through surgical treatment. Glaucoma is another common affliction that causes many people to become partially sighted. When the drainage canals in the eye become blocked they cause pressure to develop. This pressure if not dealt with can cause blurriness and double vision, in some instances resulting in blindness.