Sexually transmitted disease (STD) is a disease that is mainly passed from one person to another through sexual activity. Also referred to as venereal disease (VD), this illness has a significant probability associated with transmission between humans by means of human being sexual behavior, including vaginal sexual intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. Whilst Sexually transmitted disease and Venereal Disease are actually used widely in the past, they are today commonly referred to as Sexually Transmitted Bacterial infections (STIs), bringing a broader range to the issue; as it is possible for a person to be infected and to spread the infections to other people, without having a disease in any way. An example of this is Chlamydia, which infects a person without causing any kind of particular disease; giving only uncomfortable symptoms. Some sexually transmitted bacterial infections can also be spread through breastfeeding plus childbirth, and also by the use of IV medication needles that have been used by a person contaminated.
Awareness of any STD can arise from the discovery of symptoms. Also, if sexual intercourse has been had having a person that lets you know he/she has a sexually transmitted disease/infection, there is also the probability that you might be affected. It also worth noting that there is the possibility of someone transmitting an infection to another person without any noticeable symptoms on the infected. There are some bacterial infections that can also be transferred from a mother to an unborn child.
There are about 25 different sexually transmitted illnesses with different symptoms attributed to each disease.
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In order to better know the symptoms, categorization of the sexually transmitted infections according to cause is required.
In the cases of STDs caused by bacteria like Gonorrhea, symptoms include painful urination and discharge from vagina/penis. However , regarding 50% of women show no signs and symptoms but can still pass it on to others. Chlamydia symptoms include discharge from vagina/penis with a burning feeling during urination. Symptoms of Syphilis usually incorporate a rash, headache, fever and achy joints (not necessarily together). This usually starts a painless genital ulcer that goes away on its own. The symptoms of Syphilis however are usually mild. Chancroid symptoms include painful genital ulcers, and it can often be confused with syphilis or herpes. It should be observed that STDs caused by bacteria are treatable with antibiotics.
With STDs caused by viruses like Herpes, the most typical symptoms are blister-like sores that occur over and over around the genital region. Herpes can be transmitted from a mother to her unborn child. Genital warts, caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), possess symptoms that include small painless bumps around the genital or anal locations, which might also be in large clusters. In the case of HIV/AIDS there are no actual physical signs or symptoms that show one has the virus. However , illnesses such as night sweats, chills, long lasting fevers, headaches and cough could occur several weeks after the virus has been contracted. There is no treatment currently. However there are medications available to slow down the progression of the disease.