Updated : Jan 17, 2021 in Uncategorized

Hallucinogenic Drugs and Their Negative Impact on the Brain

Hallucinogens are illegal drugs, which have a lot of psychoactive ingredients that produce hallucinations. The effects of hallucinogens are highly variable, difficult to rely on and also unpredictable due to the significant variants in amount and composition of active compounds. Hallucinogenic drug abuse can be dangerous because of their unpredictable nature.

Ignorant of unpleasant and adverse effects of Hallucinogenic drugs on brain, lots of people are getting addicted to this harmful drug. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), over 1 . 1 million persons older 12 or older used hallucinogens for the first time in 2008. Hallucinogenic medications can be broadly classified into three categories based on their effect on the human brain. They are Psychedelics, Dissociatives, and Deliriants.

Psychedelics
Psychedelic drugs alter an user’s perception of fact. Some of the examples of this category are LSD (lysergic acid diethylamine), Mescaline (peyote), and MDMA (Ecstasy) and so forth These drugs cause their results by disrupting the interaction of nerve cells and the neurotransmitter ‘Serotonin’. The Serotonin is distributed through the spinal cord and brain and is linked to the control of mood, hunger, body temperature, sex behavior, sensory perception and muscle control. The effect of these drugs might be intense but brief for some, however it can last for hours or days in certain people.

Dissociatives
Dissociative drugs, because the name itself suggests, detaches or dissociates a person’s feelings from reality. Some of the drugs in this category are usually PCP (phencyclidine), Ketamine (anesthetic), Dextromethorphan (DXM), Nitrous Oxide etc . This course of drugs work by acting on the neurotransmitter ‘Glutamate’, which is one of the neurotransmitters associated with the perception of discomfort, environmental awareness, memory and learning.

Deliriants
Deliriant drugs are believed to induce delirium in the abuser’s human brain. Some of the common drugs in this category include Nightshade, Mandrake, Henbane, Datura as well as Diphenhydramine (Benedryl). Deliriants work on the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, responsible for the stability of the mood. Delirium causes disorientation and confusion which makes the abuser feel completely disconnected from your surroundings. Deliriants produce effects similar to that of Dissociatives, but are extremely poisonous in high doses and can furthermore cause overdose deaths.

All hallucinogens interfere with the normal operation of the neurotransmitters in the brain.
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Different types of hallucinogens generate similar psychological effects, but they differ in intensity, time taken to create effect and how long the effect from the drug lasts. Hallucinogenic drug abusers can experience ‘Flashbacks’, a spontaneous recurrence of same effects even without using the drug. Flashbacks occur suddenly, often without warning, and may occur within a few days or even years right after taking a hallucinogen.

Remember, these are the negative effects of hallucinogenic drugs only on the brain. Along with these mental effects, it causes many actual physical effects including dilated pupils, raised body temperature, increased heart rate and stress, appetite loss, sleeplessness, tremors, headaches, nausea, sweating, heart palpitations, cloudy of vision, memory loss plus trembling etc .

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